Many patients are referred to me by their General Practitioner because they have symptoms that suggest they require surgical treatment.

There are different investigations carried out to help determine the cause of a patient’s symptoms or to confirm a diagnosis:

Endoscopic procedures

Endoscopic procedures are a method undertaken to look inside the body using an endoscope. An endoscope is an instrument used to examine the interior of the body and is inserted directly into the organ.

The purpose of an endoscopy is to investigate symptoms and to confirm a diagnosis.

These procedures are usually performed under intra-venous sedation, in which the patient is made drowsy but not fully asleep.

Minor procedures

Minor procedures are small operations that are generally undertaken under a local anaesthetic. However, they can also be performed as a day case procedure under a general anaesthetic.

Minor procedures could be carried out for:

  • Removal of moles and skin lumps
  • Hernia repair
  • Cholecystectomy (removal of the gallbladder)
  • Appendicitis
  • Drainage of an abscess
  • Anal fistula
  • Anal fissure
  • Haemorrhoids (Piles)
  • Pilonidal sinus

Major procedures

Major procedures are operations that require hospital recovery time.

The following problems could require major procedures:

  • Colon or rectal cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Diverticular disease
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Intestinal perforation
  • Rectal prolapse
  • Ulcerative colitis